[326] As it started receiving its six A350s to replace its A380s in December 2017, the new subsidiary will serve the Hajj and Umrah market with them, starting in the third quarter of 2018 and could be expanded above six beyond 2020 to 2022. [4][5][6][7] Airbus offers 11-abreast seats for delivery in 2017. [120] Additionally, major airlines are seeking compensation from Airbus for revenue lost as a result of the cracks and subsequent grounding of fleets. While Amedeo argued that cancellation should benefit the value, this will depend on whether any new airlines are prepared to adopt second-hand A380s, and how many existing users continue to operate the aircraft. ", "Airbus A380 Cut May Mark Beginning of End for Superjumbo", "AIRBUS AIRCRAFT 2018 AVERAGE LIST PRICES* (USD millions)", "Commercial Aircraft Airbus and Emirates reach agreement on A380 fleet, sign new widebody orders", "MDC brochures for undeveloped versions of the MD-11 and MD-12", "McDonnell Douglas Unveils New MD-XX Trijet Design", "the future of very large subsonic transports", "Airbus will reveal plan for super-jumbo: Aircraft would seat at least 600 people and cost dollars 8bn to develop", "Boeing, partners expected to scrap Super-Jet study", "Lehman puts $18bn price tag on Airbus float", "Point-To-Point, Hub-To-Hub: the need for an A380 size aircraft", "Airbus Giant-Jet Gamble OKd in Challenge to Boeing", "Virgin orders six A3XX aircraft, allowing Airbus to meet its goal", "Airbus Says Its A380 Jet Is Over Budget", "Airbus's Flagship Plane May Be Too Big To Be Profitable", "Airbus CEO upbeat on future of A380 after new orders", "Airbus Super-Jumbo Sheds Financial Weight in New State Aid Deal", "Airbus to Defend WTO Ruling by Saying A380 No Threat to Boeing", "Germany in talks with Airbus on 600 million euros of A380 loans", "Airbus delivers first A380 fuselage section from Spain", "Planes that changed the World, Episode #3: A380 Superjumbo", "A380: Special Transport Ship in Hamburg for the First Time", "A380, the 21st century flagship, successfully completes its first flight", "It flies! [349] This involved the construction of a fleet of roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ships and barges, the construction of port facilities and the development of new and modified roads to accommodate oversized road convoys. These increase fuel efficiency and range by reducing induced drag. Emirates many parts have been working together – with the Engineering and Flight Operations teams managing to optimised the cargo capacity of the Airbus A380 to safely transport around 50 tonnes of cargo per flight in the belly hold of the aircraft. Winglet mockups, 4.7m (15​1⁄2ft) high, were displayed on the MSN04 test aircraft at Le Bourget. [131] [313], At the A380 launch, most Europe-Asia and transpacific routes used Boeing 747-400s at fairly low frequencies but, since then, routes proliferated with open skies, and most airlines downsized, offering higher frequencies and more routes. [41] To avoid damage from direct handling, parts are secured in custom jigs carried on self-powered wheeled vehicles. As of December 2019, Hi Fly have leased one used A380. "[147], One reason that the A380 did not achieve commercial viability for Airbus has been attributed to its extremely large capacity being optimised for a hub-and-spoke system, which was projected by Airbus to be thriving when the programme was conceived. [109] In 2014, Emirates stated that its A380 fleet had load factors of 90–100%, and that the popularity of the aircraft with its passengers had not decreased in the past year. [145][146] Enders stated on 14 February 2019, "If you have a product that nobody wants anymore, or you can sell only below production cost, you have to stop it. [229] Industry analysts suggested that implementing customisation has slowed the production speeds, and raised costs. Rolls-Royce is supporting the CAA in understanding the relatively high A380/Trent 900 monitored noise levels. From 1997 to 2000, as the 1997 Asian financial crisis darkened the market outlook, Airbus refined its design, targeting a 15–20% reduction in operating costs over the existing Boeing 747-400. Boeing 747-8I (467 passengers) In November 2017, its chief executive Tom Enders was confident Airbus would still produce A380s in 2027 with more sales to come, and further develop it to keep it competitive beyond 2030. While the A380 has huge capacity for passengers, it comes at a sacrifice of cargo capacity. [318] On 22 December 2014, as the jet was about to break even, Airbus CEO Fabrice Brégier ruled out cancelling it. The switch is expected to cost over €100 million. The A380 flight deck has an integrated modular avionics suite with eight 15cm x 20cm liquid crystal displays. These are switched, full-duplex, star-topology and based on 100baseTX fast-Ethernet. [57], Airbus obtained type certificates for the A380-841 and A380-842 model from the EASA and FAA on 12 December 2006 in a joint ceremony at the company's French headquarters,[58][59] receiving the ICAO code A388. [7], The A380 is offered with the Rolls-Royce Trent 900 (A380-841/-842) or the Engine Alliance GP7000 (A380-861) turbofan engines. Meanwhile Airbus has significantly updated its older 300-seat A330 and last year introduced its brand new, highly efficient A350 with similar seating capacity … [164][165] Replacing a blanket 10 nautical miles (19 km) separation for aircraft trailing an A380 during approach, the new distances were 6 nmi (11 km), 8 nmi (15 km) and 10 nmi (19 km) respectively for non-A380 "Heavy", "Medium", and "Light" ICAO aircraft categories. Emirates Airbus A380 taxing at London Heathrow – Image, Economy Class and Beyond. It then goes to pick up the belly and tail sections from Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA in Cádiz, Spain, and delivers them to Bordeaux. [142], In February 2019, Airbus announced it will end the A380 production by 2021, after its main customer, Emirates, agreed to drop an order for 39 of the aircraft, replacing it with 40 A330-900s and 30 A350-900s. Emirates does not see any demand in the second-hand market, but is indifferent in that the retired aircraft have already been fully written down and thus have no residual value. [370] [377], There were 228 aircraft in service with 14 operators as of 23 May 2020[update].[379]. The A3XX design converged on a double-decker layout that provided more passenger volume than a traditional single-deck design. [7]:17–18 In January 1993, Boeing and several companies in the Airbus consortium started a joint feasibility study of a Very Large Commercial Transport (VLCT), aiming to form a partnership to share the limited market. [119] EADS acknowledged that the cost of repairs would be over $130 million, to be borne by Airbus. [289], On 15 June 2015, Reuters reported that Airbus was discussing a stretched version of the A380 with at least six customers. [50][51] Three days later, the A380 received European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval to carry up to 853 passengers. Photo: Vincenzo Pace | JFKJets.com. Total orders for the A380 stand at 251 as of November 2019[update]. Detailed information, specs, cargo capacity, operating costs and features of the Airbus A380 800F cargo aircraft. [65] Although the first delivery was still planned before the end of 2006, deliveries in 2007 would drop to only 9 aircraft, and deliveries by the end of 2009 would be cut to 70–80 aircraft. Deliveries to customers were planned for sometime in 2020 or 2021. So, what services are getting boosted? [231], The Hamburg Aircraft Interiors Expo in April 2015 saw the presentation of an 11-seat row economy cabin for the A380. [149][150][151][152], In September 2020, Airbus completed assembly of the final A380 fuselage. [76] For the passenger version Airbus negotiated a revised delivery schedule and compensation with the 13 customers, all of which retained their orders with some placing subsequent orders, including Emirates,[77] Singapore Airlines,[78] Qantas,[79] Air France,[80] Qatar Airways,[81] and Korean Air. [302], Richard Aboulafia predicts a 2020 final delivery, with unpleasant losses due to "hubris, shoddy market analysis, nationalism and simple wishful thinking". [7][172] The optimal wingspan for this weight is about 90 m (300 ft), but airport restrictions have limited it to less than 80 m (260 ft), thereby lowering the aspect ratio to 7.8 which reduces fuel efficiency[113] by about 10% and increases operating costs a few percent,[173] given that fuel costs constitute about 50% of the cost of long-haul aeroplane operation. It is the world's largest commercial passenger aircraft and the upper deck extends along the entire length of the fuselage. Runways, runway shoulders and taxiway shoulders may be required to be stabilised to reduce the likelihood of foreign object damage caused to (or by) the outboard engines, which are more than 25 m (82 ft) from the centre line of the aircraft,[245][247][253] compared to 21 m (69 ft) for the 747-400,[254] and 747-8. [138], To extend the programme, Airbus offered China a production role in early 2018. [7]:7 McDonnell Douglas unsuccessfully offered its double-deck MD-12 concept for sale. [184][185], Newer weldable aluminium alloys are used in the A380's airframe. The 555 seat, double deck Airbus A380 is the world's largest airliner, easily eclipsing Boeing's 747. The cabin will have 36 business seats and 600 economy seats, with a 712-seat reconfiguration possible within five days. However, airlines underwent a fundamental transition to a point-to-point system, which gets customers to their destination in one flight instead of two or three. [314] In 2010, EADS CFO Hans Peter Ring said that break-even could be achieved by 2015 when 200 deliveries were projected. [298] An A380 parted out may be worth $30 million to $50 million if it is at half-life. The huge capacity offered by each flight eroded the yield: North America was viewed as 17% of the market but the A380 never materialised as a 747 replacement, with only 15 747s remaining in passenger service in November 2017 for transpacific routes, where time zones restrict potential frequency. [112] Emirates has asked for an update with new engines for the A380 to be competitive with the 777X around 2020, and Airbus is studying 11-abreast seating. Swiss aircraft broker Sparfell & Partners plans to convert for head-of-state or VVIP transport some of Dr. Peters' four ex-SIA A380s for under $300 million apiece, less than a new Boeing 777 or Airbus A330. However, the market-share battle has shifted to large single-aisles and 300-seat twin-aisles. [278] The A380-900 would have had a seating capacity for 650 passengers in standard configuration and for approximately 900 passengers in an economy-only configuration. [162], London Heathrow is a key destination for the A380. The A380-800's original configuration carried 555 passengers in a three-class configuration[154] or 853 passengers (538 on the main deck and 315 on the upper deck) in a single-class economy configuration. With 8 of the 16 exits randomly blocked, 853 mixed passengers and 20 crew exited the darkened aircraft in 78 seconds, less than the 90 seconds required for certification. [42] In 2006, the A380 flew its first high-altitude test at Addis Ababa Bole International Airport. [223][224] The Air Austral's proposed 840 passenger layout has not come to fruition. As Boeing see the VLA market as too small to retain in its 2017 forecast, its VP marketing Randy Tinseth does not believe Airbus will deliver the rest of the backlog. [63] This reduced the total number of planned deliveries by the end of 2009 from about 120 to 90–100. [372] [218] A380 economy seats are up to 48 cm (19 in) wide in a 10-abreast configuration,[219] compared with the 10-abreast configuration on the 747-400 that typically has seats 44.5 cm (17.5 in) wide. It conducted its second high-altitude test at the same airport in 2009. The company said the problem was traced to stress and material used for the fittings. Among other causes is the reluctance of employers to pay for executives to travel in First or Business Class. [55] The aircraft flew from Toulouse with 474 Airbus employees on board, in a test of passenger facilities and comfort. [195] This reduces the amount of wiring required and minimises latency. The APU primarily provides air to power the Analysis Ground Station (AGS) on the ground and to start the engines. [310], In 2014, British Airways replaced three 777 flights between London and Los Angeles with two A380 per day. [93] Two months later, Singapore Airlines CEO Chew Choong Seng stated the A380 was performing better than either the airline or Airbus had anticipated, burning 20% less fuel per seat-mile than the airline's 747-400 fleet. [61][62] The German and Spanish Airbus facilities continued to use CATIA version 4, while British and French sites migrated to version 5. In its four-class standard layout, stairs lead from the A380’s premium economy cabin to the upper deck. [360] Qantas planned to order eight more aircraft but froze its order while the airline restructured its operations. [362], Amedeo, an aircraft lessor that ordered 20 A380s, had not found a client for the airliner and eventually cancelled their order in 2019. [163] Delivery takes place in Hamburg for customers from Europe and the Middle East and in Toulouse for customers from the rest of the world. While the A380-800 is certified for up to 868 passengers in a one-class configuration (538 on the main deck and 330 on the upper), Airbus references a "comfortable three-class" 544-passenger … [161] The first aircraft was scheduled to begin commercial operations during the first quarter of 2018[329][330] [2] The biggest customer is Emirates, which has committed to order a total of 123 A380s as of 14 February 2019. [336] Then in May 2007, Airbus began marketing a configuration with 30 fewer passengers (525 total in three classes)—traded for 200 nmi (370 km) more range—to better reflect trends in premium-class accommodation. It is also the first to have a smoothly contoured wing cross–section. [29] In 2015, Airbus said development costs were €15 billion (£11.4 billion, $16.95 billion), though analysts believe the figure is likely to be at least €5bn ($5.65 Bn) more for a €20 Bn ($22.6 Bn) total. In 2012, the A380 received an award from the Noise Abatement Society. Also, during certain manoeuvres they augment the primary actuators. [345] Norwegian Long Haul briefly leased Hi Fly Malta A380 in August 2018, which operated the aircraft following engine problems with their Dreamliner fleet. [302], The 747 was largely replaced on transatlantic flights by the 767, and on the transpacific market by the 777; newer, smaller aircraft with similar seat-mile costs have lower trip costs and allow more direct routes. [307] China Southern struggled for two years to use its A380s from Beijing, and finally received Boeing 787s in its base in Guangzhou, but where it cannot command a premium, unlike Beijing or Shanghai. In August 2017, it was announced that Hi Fly would lease two used aircraft. It is powered by four Engine Alliance GP7200 or Rolls-Royce Trent 900 turbofans providing a range of 8,000 nmi (14,800 km). [202][203] The NSS has enough inbuilt robustness to eliminate onboard backup paper documents. [27], In 2014, the aircraft was estimated to have cost $25bn (£16bn, €18.9bn) to develop. The suite is a technological innovation, with networked computing modules to support different applications. [279] Airlines that expressed an interest in the A380-900 included Emirates,[280] Virgin Atlantic,[281] Cathay Pacific,[282] Air France, KLM, Lufthansa,[283] Kingfisher Airlines,[284] and leasing company ILFC. [302], As of mid-2015, several airlines have expressed their interest in selling their aircraft, partially coinciding with expiring lease contracts for the aircraft. Improved A380-800. According to Flight Global, an A380-900 would make better use of the A380's existing wing. [205], The auxiliary power comprises the Auxiliary Power Unit (APU), the electronic control box (ECB), and mounting hardware. [121] Airbus has switched to a different type of aluminium alloy so aircraft delivered from 2014 onwards should not have this problem. A patent for "combi" version was applied for. The A330-900, A350-900 or 787-9 were being evaluated as potential replacements. [10] Roeder was given approval for further evaluations of the UHCA after a formal presentation to the President and CEO in June 1990. The fleet could be chartered half the year for the tourism industry like cruise shipping and will be able to operate for the next 40 years if oil prices stay low. [183] Unlike earlier composite materials, GLARE can be repaired using conventional aluminium repair techniques. While the A380-800 is certified for up to 868 passengers in a one-class configuration (538 on the main deck and 330 on the upper), Airbus references a "comfortable three-class" 544-passenger configuration in their marketing material[1]. However, Airbus concedes that its $25 billion investment for the aircraft cannot be recouped. [97][98] Qantas followed, with flights between Melbourne and Los Angeles in October 2008. [22][23][24][25] The A380 designation was a break from previous Airbus families, which had progressed sequentially from A300 to A340. Passenger capacity varies with the seat configuration chosen by the operating airline. [231][232], Initial operators typically configured their A380s for three-class service, while adding extra features for passengers in premium cabins. [148] Consequently, orders for VLAs slowed in the mid-2010s, as widebody twin jets now offer similar range and greater fuel efficiency, giving airlines more flexibility at a lower upfront cost. [110], In 2010, Airbus announced a new A380 build standard, incorporating a strengthened airframe structure and a 1.5° increase in wing twist. As of February 2018[update], Enders was confident the A380 would gain additional orders from existing or new operators, and saw opportunities in Asia and particularly in China where it is "under-represented". [341] [238] In late 2008, Emirates introduced "shower spas" in first class on its A380s allowing each first class passenger five minutes of hot water,[239][240] drawing on 2.5 tonnes of water although only 60% of it was used. In 2016, IAG's Willie Walsh said he could add a few, but also that he found the price of new aircraft "outrageous" and would source them from the second-hand market. These compared with the 4 nmi (7.4 km), 5 nmi (9.3 km) and 6 nmi (11 km) spacing applicable to other "Heavy" aircraft. The designs were presented in 1992 and the most competitive designs were used. 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2020 airbus a380 capacity