Then (after a short stop in Barcelona because Margaret had some health issues)[16] the cortege sailed to the port of Finale Ligure, arriving on 20 August. Famed for her virtue and piety, she saw five of her six children die in early childhood, and is frequently viewed as an object of pity in historical accounts of her husband's reign, since she was often neglected by the court. Having analyzed the levels of facial deformity in 66 portraits of 15 members of the Habsburg family, lead researcher and geneticist, Roman Vilas of the University of Santiago de Compostela, published his findings in the journal Annals of Human Biology . XII Honoré Champion, ed. Maria Anna bore him five children, but only two survived to adulthood, a daughter Margarita Teresa, born in 1651, and the future Carlos II of Spain in 1661 – but the latter was sickly and considered in frequent danger of dying, making the line of inheritance potentially uncertain. Margaret Theresa was born on 12 July 1651 in Madrid as the first child of King Philip IV of Spain born from his second marriage with his niece Mariana of Austria. Maria Theresa and the French king were double first cousins: Louis XIV's father was Louis XIII of France, who was the brother of Maria Theresa's mother, while her father was brother to Anne of Austria, Louis XIV's mother. [citation needed], On 26 August 1660, the newlyweds made the traditional Joyous Entry into Paris. Among them, "a full-length portrait of the Infanta Margarita Teresa, the Empress" (1665) by Gerard Du Chateau[33] and "Portrait of Empress Margarita Teresa in a theatrical costume" (1667) by Jan Thomas van Ieperen. Race or Ethnicity: White. In his private letters King Philip IV called her "my joy". Deutsch: Margarita Teresa von Spanien (1651-1673) war eine spanische Prinzessin und als Frau von Leopold I. römisch-deutsche Kaiserin. Gender: Male. There have long been rumours that Maria Theresa had an illegitimate daughter, Louise Marie Thérèse (The Black Nun of Moret).[8][9][10][11][12]. She did not speak German, and the arrogance of her native retinue led to a strong anti-Spanish sentiment among the imperial court. The first building campaign witnessed alterations in the château and gardens in order to accommodate the 600 guests invited to the celebration. ... Maria Theresa of Spain, ... Margaret Theresa of Spain and John of Austria The Younger. Wheatcroft, Andrew, "The Habsburgs, Embodiyng Empire" [Paperback], 416 pages, Penguin Books, (Non-Classics) (May 1, 1997), in English, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 17:32. 43–226. Of her six children, only one survived her, Louis, le Grand Dauphin, the oldest one, who died in 1711. “Habsburg jaw”, according to the team of researchers, was a prominent facial deformity that affected the European royal family after 200 years of inbreedingand until this study … [35] Numerous copies of her portraits are also preserved, and are now kept in the museum collections around the world. List of famous queens with famous, historically important and notable queens hand-picked by our team of expert editors. For Margaret's birthday in July 1668, the theatre hosted the premiere of the opera Il pomo d'oro (The Golden Apple). [20] The couple had many common interests, especially in art and music. Born an Infanta of Spain and Portugal at the Royal Monastery of El Escorial, she was the daughter of Philip IV & III, and his wife Elisabeth of France, who died when Maria Theresa was six years old. 471–480. He died in Madrid on 1 November 1700, five days before his 39t… [4] Her father and the entire Spanish court accompanied the bride to the Isle of Pheasants on the border in the Bidassoa river, where Louis and his court met her in the meeting on the Isle of Pheasants on 7 June 1660, and she entered France. The celebration of the Plaisirs de l’Île enchantée is often regarded as a prelude to the War of Devolution, which Louis waged against Spain. Maria Adelaide of Savoy. Because of this avunculate marriage, Margaret's mother was nearly thirty years younger than her father. Maria of Spain had great influence over her sons, the future emperors Rudolf and Matthias. Due to variances in the way the death index was created, some records may have incomplete (partial) Date of Death information . She died a painful death on 30 July 1683, at Versailles. They were married on October 7, 1649. English: Marie Thérèse of Austria, Archduchess of Austria, Infanta of Spain, Infanta of Portugal (María Teresa; 10 September 1638 – 30 July 1683) was the daughter of Philip IV, King of Spain and Elisabeth of France. [12] Negotiations by the Spanish side were led by Ramiro Núñez de Guzmán, Duke of Medina de las Torres. Died: 17-Sep - 1665. [9], Then began discussion about a marriage between Margaret and the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I (who was her maternal uncle and paternal cousin). Maria Theresa of Savoy. The marriage contract was signed on 18 December. Her marriage in 1660 to King Louis XIV, her cousin, was made with the purpose of ending the lengthy war between France and Spain. Born an Infanta of Spain and Portugal at the Royal Monastery of El Escorial, she was the daughter of Philip IV & III, and his wife Elisabeth of France, who died when Maria Theresa was six years old. He lived a simple life from then on, playing games and other activities. Maria Theresa of Spain died at Versailles in 1683, survived by her husband the king and only one of her six children, Louis, who was to become Le Grand Dauphin. Learn more about her life, mysticism, religious reforms, and legacy. The first time Maria Theresa ever saw the Palace of Versailles was on 25 October 1660. [1][2], The marriage of her parents was purely made for political reasons, mainly the search for a new male heir for the Spanish throne after the early death of Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias in 1646. At first she resisted the king's advances and encouraged him to bestow more attention on his long-neglected wife, a thoughtfulness which Maria Theresa repaid with warmth toward the new favourite. [29][30], The Infanta Margarita Teresa in a Pink Dress (1660), formerly credited to Velázquez, is now considered one of the masterpieces of his son-in-law, Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo. Margaret Theresa of Spain (Spanish: Margarita Teresa, German: Margarete Theresia; 12 July 1651 – 12 March 1673) was, by marriage to Leopold I, Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Archduchess of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Bohemia. Her parents and close friends called her the "little angel". Her maternal grandparents were Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife Infanta Maria Anna of Spain, the daughter of her paternal grandparents. Maria Theresa’s (known later in France as Marie) childhood was marred by tragedy. As a member of the House of Austria, Maria Theresa was entitled to use the title Archduchess of Austria. After Margaret, between 1655 and 1661, four more children (a daughter and three sons) were born from the marriage between Philip IV and Mariana of Austria, but only one survived infancy, the future King Charles II of Spain. At every stop Margaret received celebrations in her honor. One daughter, Margaret Theresa, married the Holy Roman Emperor, to whom she was related on both sides, and produced several children who died in infancy as well as many miscarriages. As it turned out, Spain, impoverished and bankrupt after decades of war, was unable to pay such a dowry, and France never received the agreed upon sum of 500,000 écus. Toward the end of his life Charles' fragile health deteriorated and he became increasingly hypersensitive and strange, at one point demanding that the bodies of his family be exhumed so he could look upon the corpses. This was eventually done but, by the skill of Mazarin and his French diplomats, the renunciation and its validity were made conditional upon the payment of a large dowry. She was then appointed regent for their three-year-old son Carlos II, and due to his ill health remained an influential figure until her own death in 1696. Leopold insisted that Philip IV recognize Margaret Theresa's right to the Spanish succession over that of her older half-sister, Maria Teresa of Spain, the wife of Louis XIV of France. The outcome of the War of the Spanish Succession was the creation of the Spanish branch of the House of Bourbon in the person of King Philip V, Margaret's great-nephew. Margaret of Burgundy, Dauphine of France. Maria Teresa of Modena. After Joseph Ferdinand's early death in 1699, the rights of inheritance were disputed by both Emperor Leopold I and King Louis XIV of France, son-in-law of King Philip IV. [21], Even after her marriage, Margaret kept her Spanish customs and ways. Legacy.com is the leading provider of online obituaries for the newspaper industry. Maria Fortunata d’Este. Discover Full Names, Dates of Birth and Death, Last Known Residence information, and more. Margaret died in London following a stroke on February 9, 2002. Only one of her children lived to adulthood, and Margaret Theresa … John Leopold (born and died 20 February 1670). On 9 June the marriage took place in Saint-Jean-de-Luz at the recently rebuilt church of Saint Jean the Baptist. Charles II of Spain was just 38 years old when he died on November 1, 1700. Composed by Antonio Cesti, the opera was called the "staging of the century" by contemporaries due to its magnificence and expense. [6] The new queen's mother-in-law (and aunt) arranged a private consummation instead of the public one that was the custom. In 1658, as war with France began to wind down, a union between the royal families of Spain and France was proposed as a means to secure peace. At that time, it was just a small royal residence that had been Louis XIII's hunting lodge not far from Paris. Cause of Death: Natural Causes Occupation: King of Spain, Sicily, and Portugal: Spouse: Elisabeth of France (d. 6 October 1644), Mariana of Austria (b. She was known in Spain as María Teresa de Austria and in France as Marie-Thérèse d'Autriche. Margaret Theresa was born on 12 July 1651 in Madrid as the first child of King Philip IV of Spain born from his second marriage with his niece Mariana of Austria. [14] Mariana of Austria, now Dowager Queen and Regent of the Kingdom on behalf of her minor son Charles II, delayed the wedding of her daughter. Upon her death, Louis XIV said: "This is the first chagrin she has ever given me."[13]. Unlike France, the kingdom of Spain had no Salic Law, so it was possible for a female to assume the throne. He succeeded his father, Philip III of Spain, in 1621, and, for the first 22 years of his reign, Philip’s valido, or chief minister, was the Conde-Duque de Olivares, who took the spread The Viennese celebrations of the imperial marriage were among the most splendid of all the Baroque era,[17] and lasted almost two years. French Monarch. The negotiations for the marriage contract were intense. The official marriage ceremony was celebrated seven days later. After spending almost all September in Milan, the Infanta continued the journey through Venice, arriving in early October in Trento. She married Wilhelm von Jülich-Kleve-Berg (1516-1592) 18 July 1546 JL . [28] The first image in this poem who Pasternak contrasted with the portraits of the Infanta was mentioned by Vyacheslav Vsevolodovich Ivanov, in his work "Eternal Childhood". The Infanta loved candies, which she constantly hid from the physicians who cared for the health of her teeth. Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Parma, the cousin of Spain’s King Felipe IV, has become the first royal to die of the novel coronavirus. One of her younger grandsons eventually inherited her claim to the Spanish throne to become King Philip V of Spain in 1700. He was buried on month day 1506, at burial place. Michelle Vaughan, “Emperor Leopold I, Margaret Theresa of Spain” (2015), unique archival digital print on paper , 30 x 44 inches (image courtesy Theodore: Art) [3], A marriage by proxy to the French king was held in Fuenterrabia. Later, the governess of Montespan's illegitimate children by the king, Madame de Maintenon, came to supplant her mistress in the king's affections. She settled in the Convent of Las Descalzas Reales in Madrid, where she lived until her death … She is the central figure in the famous Las Meninas by Diego Velázquez, and the subject of many of his later paintings. She was Queen of France as wife of King Louis XIV Maria Josepha of Saxony. The Empress always called her husband "Uncle" (de: Onkel), and he called her "Gretl". Margaret of Provence. She grew up in the Queen's chambers in the Royal Alcazar of Madrid surrounded by many maids and servants. Maria Theresa played little part in political affairs except for the years 1667, 1672, and 1678, during which she acted as regent while her husband was away on campaigns on the frontier. Father of, This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 13:37. The union was needed to strengthen the position of both countries, especially against the Kingdom of France. [13] On 6 April 1663, the betrothal between Margaret and Leopold I was finally announced. [18] The year before, the Emperor gave an equestrian ballet where he personally mounted on his horse, Speranza; due to technical adaptations, the ballet gave spectators the impression that horses and carriages were hovering in the air. [2], King Philip IV died on 17 September 1665. During her childhood she was once seriously ill, but survived. How did Maria Theresa of Spain Die? Three of them – "Infanta Margarita in a pink dress" (1653), Infanta Margarita in a silver dress (1656) and Infanta Margarita in a blue dress (1659) were sent to the Imperial court in Vienna, and now are displayed in the Kunsthistorisches Museum. Margaret Theresa of Spain English: Margarita Teresa of Spain (1651-1673) was Infanta of Spain and - as wife of Leopold I - Holy Roman Empress. [6] At the same time, Margaret was brought up in accordance with the strict etiquette of the Madrid court, and received a good education. Religion: Roman Catholic. [15], On 28 April 1666 Margaret traveled from Madrid to Vienna, accompanied by her personal retinue. Without any political influence in the French court or government (except briefly in 1672, when she was named regent during her husband's absence during the Franco-Dutch War),[1] she died at the early age of 44 from complications from an abscess on her arm. [21], After Margaret's death, her rights over the Spanish throne were inherited by her only surviving daughter Maria Antonia, who in turn passed them to her only surviving son Prince Joseph Ferdinand of Bavaria when she died in 1692. Olivan Santaliestra 2014, pp. The poet Boris Pasternak mentions it in a poem of 1923 "Butterfly Storm", in which she appears to him as a vision during a thunderstorm in Moscow. [21], During her six years of marriage, Margaret gave birth to four children, of whom only one survived infancy:[1], The Empress reportedly inspired her husband to expel the Jews from Vienna, because she believed that they were to blame for her children's deaths. Later generations are included although Austrian titles of nobility were abolished and outlawed in 1919. [10] The count of Fuensaldaña, Spanish ambassador in France, suggested the infanta as a possible bride for King Charles II of England. Born: 8-Apr - 1605. But in 1660 and under the terms of the Treaty of the Pyrenees, the Infanta was married to the French King; as a part of her marriage contract, she was asked to renounce her claims to the Spanish throne in return for a monetary settlement as part of her dowry, which was never paid. From 1646 until 1657, Maria Theresa was heir presumptive to the Spanish throne. Cause of death: unspecified. This category includes civil, church, cemetery, obituary, and other death-related collections. Find Death information for people with the Date of Birth and/or Date of Death you specify. Her grandson Philip V inherited the Spanish throne in 1700 after the death of her younger half-brother, Charles II, and the War of the Spanish Succession, founding the Spanish branch of the House of Bourbon, which has reigned with some interruption until present time. There, Margaret was received by Luis Guzman Ponce de Leon, Governor of Milan. Philip passed away of cause of death on month day 1506, at age 28 at death place. She was the daughter of King Philip IV of Spain and the elder full-sister of Charles II, the last of the Spanish Habsburgs. (1924), Mémoires de la Société de l'histoire de Paris et de l'Île-de-France (in French), Société de l'histoire de Paris et de l'Ile-de-France (France), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Françoise-Athénaïs, Marquise de Montespan, Louise Marie Thérèse (The Black Nun of Moret), Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Marie-Thérèse d’Autriche in: www.chateauversailles.fr, Isabella Clara Eugenia, Co-sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands, Maria Christina, Princess of Transylvania, Maria Maddalena, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Eleanor, Queen of Poland, Duchess of Lorraine, Maria Anna Josepha, Electoral Princess of the Palatinate, Maria Clementina, Hereditary Princess of Naples, Margaretha Klementine, Princess of Thurn and Taxis, Princess Karoline Marie of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Maria Henrietta, Princess of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, Elisabeth Marie, Princess of Windisch-Graetz, Margarita, Marchioness Taliani di Marchio, María Antonia Fernanda, Queen of Sardinia, María Amalia, Infanta Antonio Pascual of Spain, María Luisa, Queen of Etruria and Duchess of Lucca, Infanta Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier, María Cristina, Infanta Sebastian of Portugal and Spain, Amalia Filipina, Princess Adalbert of Bavaria, María Luisa Carlota, Hereditary Princess of Saxony, Isabel, Princess of Asturias and Countess of Girgenti, María de la Paz, Princess Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria, Mercedes, Princess of Asturias and Princess Carlos of Bourbon-Two-Sicilies, María Teresa, Princess Ferdinand of Bavaria, Blanca, Archduchess Leopold Salvator of Austria-Tuscany, Maria de las Mercedes, Princess Irakli Bagration of Mukhrani, Infanta Pilar, Duchess of Badajoz and Viscountess of La Torre, Infanta Margarita, Duchess of Soria and Hernani, Infanta Isabel, Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Spain, Infanta Maria, Lady of Meneses and Orduña, Infanta Beatriz, Countess of Alburquerque, Maria Manuela, Princess of Portugal and Asturias, Mariana Victoria, Infanta Gabriel of Spain, Maria Francisca, Infanta Carlos María Isidro of Spain, Infanta Maria das Neves, Duchess of San Jaime, Maria Teresa, Archduchess Karl Ludwig of Austria, Maria José, Duchess Karl-Theodor in Bavaria, Maria Teresa, Princess Karl Ludwig of Thurn und Taxis, Isabel Maria, Princess of Thurn und Taxis, Maria Ana, Princess Karl August of Thurn und Taxis, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maria_Theresa_of_Spain&oldid=986536135, Articles needing additional references from December 2016, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2011, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Dauphin of France from 1661–1711. 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